Items filtered by date: July 2023

Tuesday, 25 July 2023 00:00

Causes of Ankle Pain

Ankle pain can affect the ability to complete your daily activities and in some cases, if left untreated can develop into a chronic condition. The main causes of ankle pain include sprains, arthritis, and Achilles tendonitis. Other causes are gout, damage to cartilage, and fractures. If you have broken an ankle bone, seeking immediate medical attention is a must. Other symptoms that indicate a trip to the podiatrist include the inability to bear weight, a deformity developing on the ankle, and pain occurring at night or while the ankle is at rest. Further indicators are pain that persists over a few days, trouble bending the ankle joint, swelling into the calf area, or signs of infection. Treatment options for ankle pain are dependent on the cause and can range from rest to surgery. In many cases, changes in footwear and wearing a brace or other orthotic device will be necessary. Specific stretching exercises and types of medication can help to relieve the pain. If you believe you have injured your ankle, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and appropriate treatment. 

Ankle pain can have many different causes and the pain may potentially be serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with Joan Oloff, DPM from Los Gatos Foot and Ankle . Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.


The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis


Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.


Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.


Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Los Gatos, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.


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Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Tuesday, 18 July 2023 00:00

Gout and the Big Toe

Gout is a condition that affects the joints in the big toe. It often begins in that area, and it may spread to other parts of the foot if treatment is not received. Gout can happen when excess uric acid occurs and collects in the joints of the toes. Common symptoms that many people experience with gout can include intense pain, swelling, and it can be difficult to walk. Foods that are eaten with purines may produce uric acid, and it is beneficial to limit eating these types of foods. These can include shellfish, red meat, and drinks that are made with large amounts of sugar. Additionally, drinking plenty of water daily to stay hydrated may help to avoid painful gout episodes. Many people enjoy getting massages and have reported they may help to relieve the pain of gout. If you have pain in your big toe, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can effectively treat and offer prevention techniques against gout.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact Joan Oloff, DPM from Los Gatos Foot and Ankle . Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.


  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Los Gatos, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 11 July 2023 00:00

Ignoring Toenail Fungus Can Be Harmful

A sign that you may have developed toenail fungus is the yellow appearance of the nails. They may also become thicker and begin to crumble. If ignored, a fungal toenail infection, medically termed onychomycosis, may result in other problems. It can easily spread to other parts of the foot simply by not changing socks and shoes daily. Toenail fungus is especially risky for diabetics, whose skin may have cracked as a result of poor circulation. This allows for the additional possibility of bacteria entering the body, and may in turn cause cellulitis. In some cases of fungal toenail infections, the only way to treat it is to remove the nail. The nail will grow back with time. If the infection is extremely serious, the toenail may have to be permanently removed, by performing a procedure called matrixectomy. This destroys the growing center at the base of the nail bed, ensuring that the fungus will not grow back. If you have toenail fungus, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an examination and treatment options. 

For more information about treatment, contact Joan Oloff, DPM of Los Gatos Foot and Ankle . Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Los Gatos, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 04 July 2023 00:00

When Flat Feet Are a Problem in Children

Babies are born with flat feet, but in a few years, this usually corrects itself. The arch begins to develop, and by the time they are 5 or 6 years old, most children have normal arches. Around 15-20 percent may have flexible flat feet by that age, which is generally painless and not considered to be a serious condition. However, in certain cases, a parent may want to pay attention to their child’s flat feet. First is if your child complains or demonstrates foot pain, and second is if one foot is flat and the other is not. Third is if the child’s feet seem to be getting flatter. And fourth is if the child has difficulty walking, running, or participating in sports. Treatment for problems of flat feet in children includes finding footwear that provides the necessary support. Other ways to treat a child’s flat feet are foot exercises that stretch and strengthen the feet, and wearing foot orthotics. Engaging in certain activities, such as hopping, swimming, and balance exercises, can also help. If you are concerned about how flat feet may be affecting your child, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for a full examination. 

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Joan Oloff, DPM from Los Gatos Foot and Ankle . Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  


  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Los Gatos, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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